Convert PDF to Images using AWS Lambda with Nodejs

WARNING: It's not 100% perfect solution, it can NOT support huge file probably you can not handle file over than 500MB. If you found other better way please share with me :)

Create a AWS Lambda Function

Add AWS Layers

Create Project

$ mkdir pdf-to-images
$ cd pdf-to-images
$ npm init --yes
$ npm i pdf-lib gm aws-sdk
$ touch index.js

Code Snippet

const fs = require('fs').promises;
const AWS = require('aws-sdk');
const gm = require("gm").subClass({imageMagick: true});
const s3 = new AWS.S3();
const PDFDocument = require('pdf-lib').PDFDocument;
const convert = (body, index, bucket, dist) => {
return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
console.log(`gm process started: page ${index}.`);
gm(body, `pdf.pdf[${index}]`)
.stream((error, stdout, stderr) => {
if (error) {
console.log("gm conversion process error::1");
const chunks = [];
stdout.on('data', (chunk) => {
stdout.on('end', () => {
console.log(`gm process complete: page ${index}.`);
const buffer = Buffer.concat(chunks);
Bucket: bucket,
Key: `${dist}/${index}.jpeg`,
ContentType: 'image/jpeg',
Body: buffer,
ACL: 'public-read',
}, (error, data) => {
if (error) {
console.log("gm conversion process error::2");
stderr.on('data', (data) => {
console.log('stderr:', data);
async function handler(event, context, callback) {
try {
console.log('starting converting process...');
console.log('start downloaded PDF...');
const bucket = event.Records[0];
const key = decodeURIComponent(event.Records[0].s3.object.key).replace(/\+/g, ' ');
const pdf = await s3.getObject({
Bucket: bucket,
Key: key,
console.log('converting PDF to images...');
const pdoc = await PDFDocument.load(pdf.Body);
const pageCount = pdoc.getPageCount() - 1;
const pages = Array.from({ length: pageCount }).map((_, i) => i);
for await(let page of pages) {
await convert(pdf.Body, page, bucket, key);
callback(null, {
statusCode: 200,
message: 'Success',
} catch (error) {
callback(null, {
statusCode: 400,
message: 'Failed',
exports.handler = handler;





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